Basil plants are one of the most popular herbs to grow and also one of the easiest. [citation needed]. Leaves are green or purple; they are simple, petioled, with an ovate, up to 5 cm (2.0 in)-long blade, which usually has a slightly toothed margin; they are strongly scented and have a decussate phyllotaxy.The purplish flowers are placed in close … It is closely identified with Italian cooking, although it is originally from India. It also helps remove dirt and impurities that clog pores. It will need regular watering, but not as much attention as is needed in other climates. [3][4] Other constituents include: 1,8-cineole, eugenol, and myrcene, among others. Loughrin, J. H. and Kasperbauer, M. J. Greek mythology explains the origin of a portion of basil’s scientific name. Vernacular Name: Sinhala: Maduruthala; Eng: Holy Basil; Indian: Tulasi, Vishnu priya: Description: Tulsi is a branched, fragrant and erect herb having hair all over. Although basil grows best outdoors, it can be grown indoors in a pot and, like most herbs, will do best on a sun-facing windowsill. Tulsi, Tulasi or Vrinda is a sacred plant in Hindu belief. Basil is sensitive to cold, with best growth in hot, dry conditions. Basil grows a thick, central taproot. Basil grows between 30–130 cm (12–51 in) tall, with opposite, light green, silky leaves 3–11 cm (1.2–4.3 in) long and 1–6 cm (0.39–2.36 in) broad. Include glossaries of technical terms from medicine, science, law, engineering, accounts, arts and many other sources. Its leaves are nearly round and up to 5 cm long with the margin being entire or toothed. In sunnier climates such as Southern Europe, the southern states of the U.S., the North Island of New Zealand, and Australia, basil will thrive when planted outside. Translate from English to Sinhala … In some … Depending on the variety, plants can reach between 30 cm (0.98 ft) and 150 cm (4.9 ft). Apply basil oil to the affected area, or chop up a basil leaf and apply to the bite for quick relief. Basil is originally native to India and other tropical regions of Asia.It has been cultivated there for more than 5,000 years. Competition and Land-Use Efficiency of Popularly Recommended and Discouraged Crop Mixtures in Biointensive Agriculture Systems", "Blessing of the Waters known as Agiasmos conducted by a Greek Orthodox priest", Basil: Knowing and Growing from the New York Botanical Garden, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basil&oldid=992545593, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Serbian-language text, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 20:58. Fusarium wilt is a soil-borne fungal disease that will quickly kill younger basil plants. It should be kept away from extremely cold drafts, and grows best in strong sunlight, therefore a greenhouse or row cover is ideal if available. (2) The herbs you use in soup are your personal choice, but they often include basil , dill, rosemary, parsley, thyme, peppercorns and bay leaves. The dried herb also loses most of its flavor, and what little flavor remains tastes very different, with a weak coumarin flavor, like hay. thyrsiflora), lemon basil (O. × citriodorum), and holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum). It also thrives over the summertime in the central and northern United States, but dies out when temperatures reach freezing point. [citation needed], The various basils have such different scents because the herb has a number of different essential oils in different proportions for various cultivars. [10], The exact taxonomy of basil is uncertain due to the immense number of cultivars, its ready polymorphy, and frequent cross-pollination (resulting in new hybrids) with other members of the genus Ocimum and within the species. Roberts, P.D., Raid, R.N., Harmon, P.F., Jordan, S.A., Palmateer, A.J., 2009. The article is about the power to prevent viral illnesses by the famous Ayurvedic Herb – Holy Basil or Thulasi in Tamil and Maduruthala in Sinhala. Sanskrit names  - Devadaru, Darubhadra, D... Botanical name – Clerondendron serratum Family                 - Verbenaceae English name     -  - Sanskrit names  - Bhargi, bhrugubhava... Name of the drug - Kasthuri Synonyms - Hindi - Kasthuurii , Mriganaabji , Mriganaabji / (Bengali) Mrignaabhi                     Sans... Strychnos nux-vomica - Godakaduru-ගා‍ෙඩකදුරැ. In a Sinhala book I found for beetroot the name ´rathu ala´ (=red potato) and for potato `arthapal´ (I think from `earth appel´). Characterization of the Bacterial Community Naturally Present on Commercially Grown Basil Leaves: Evaluation of Sample Preparation Prior to Culture-Independent Techniques. Its flowers are small and white, and grow from a central inflorescence that emerges from the central stem atop the plant. [3][5] The clove scent of sweet basil is derived from eugenol. It is a herbal plant and has some medicinal properties including Insecticides so smoke of heated leaves and … ascending, branched, wiry, glabrous, often rooting at the base; leaves This is native to USA. [3] It is a tender plant, and is used in cuisines worldwide. Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: LC (NCS) 2012: Description: Annual or semi-shrubby perennial, to 1.05 m tall; young branches more densely hirsuit with reddish-purple hairs. [33] In India, they place it in the mouth of the dying to ensure they reach God. Most of the Asian basils have a clove-like flavor that is, in general, stronger than the Mediterranean basils, such as tulsi. We hope this will help you to understand Sinhala better. The Chinese also use fresh or dried basils in soups and other foods. The name Sinhala translates to "lion people" and refers to the myths regarding the descent of the legendary founder of the Sinhalese people, the Prince Vijaya. According to the "lanka chronicle" write up: "The fruit has a hard shell and the kernel yields an oil which is used as a medicine for rheumatic pains and is also one of the five kinds of oil known as Pas-tel . Hello, just wondering where I can buy kaffir lime leaves in Colombo. ... basil seeds name in sinhala. Fresh basil leaves have a strong and character­istic aroma, not comparable to any other spice, although there is a hint of cloves trace­able.. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12(8), 10171–10197. However, basil represented hatred in ancient Greece, [30]. First Report of Downy Mildew Caused by a Peronospora Species on Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum) in Massachusetts. (8) Then a handful of fresh, chopped oregano , thyme, basil and tarragon was added. Common claims are that basil may deter pests or improve tomato flavor. In Giovanni Boccaccio's 14th century Decameron, the fifth story of the narrative's fourth day, involves a pot of basil as a central plot device. Are these names also used in spoken Sinhala? [6] The aroma profile of basil includes 1,8-cineole[7][8] and methyl eugenol. Light reflected from colored mulches affects aroma and phenol content of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves. Basil leaves are used extensively in cooking, especially in soups. Plant Disease 93, 318–318. Basil is called by many names like sweet basil or even Thai basil, but all of its common names refer to the herb's botanical name, Ocimum basilicum. [31] The Bulgarian Orthodox Church, Serbian Orthodox Church, Macedonian Orthodox Church and Romanian Orthodox Church use basil (Bulgarian and Macedonian: босилек; Romanian: busuioc, Serbian: босиљак) to prepare holy water and pots of basil are often placed below church altars. The flowers are small, white in color and arranged in a terminal spike. Its flowers, when broken up, are a zesty salad condiment. [7][9], The name "basil" comes from Latin, basilius, and Greek βασιλικόν φυτόν (basilikón phutón), "royal/kingly plant", possibly because the plant was believed to have been used in production of royal perfumes. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. Black spot can be seen on basil foliage and is caused by the fungi genus Colletotrichum. Basil , also called great basil, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints). I know it grows here and the fruit itself is used for non-cooking purposes, but I'm yet to either spot a tree that I can pick a few leaves off, or find it for sale. Its leaves are richly green and ovate, but otherwise come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes depending on cultivar. What is Basil? A common foliar disease of basil is gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea; it can cause infections post-harvest and is capable of killing the entire plant. Along with coriander it is one of … Areca catachu - Puvak- පුවක්/ सुपारी / பாக்கு / ... Alstonia scholaris - Ruk attana - රැක්කත්තන. (10) Try it with basil, bay, garlic, thyme, and even oregano to add depth and a subtle … Yellow leaves towards the bottom of the plant are an indication that the plant has been stressed; usually this means that it needs less water, or less or more fertilizer. This article explains all you need to know about basil, its benefits and uses. 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